|Siege of York|
The Governor of York prepares the defenses.
|Conflict: Scottish War of Independence|
|Place: York, northern England|
|William Wallace||Governor of York †|
|thousands||Garrison of York|
|Wallace's Invasion Force||moderate|
After the Battle of Stirling, Sir William Wallace was made guardian and High Protector of Scotland by the Scottish nobles. He wanted to invade England, rather than fight for the "scraps of Longshanks table", and did so, despite the opposition of the other Scottish nobles. York, the staging point for every invasion of Scotland, was the first target.
Wallace forced all of northern England's settlements to call for aide from the Governor of York, after he sacked several towns and cities during the invasion of England. Since Edward I, King of England, was on campaign in France to press for rights and land. His weakling son Prince Edward was in left in command. He refused to send any troops to the defense of the north, so the Governor of York was alone and could not get any reinforcements. When news came that Wallace was shuffling towards York, he ordered for all of the food and provisions to brought inside the wall, as well as to double the wall guards and seal the gates. He refused to leave, refusing to tell his uncle the king that he had lost the greatest city in northern England.
The Scottish invasion force pushed a wheeled battering ram made of logs and sheilds tied together into the castle gates, and from the walls, the English dumped heavy rocks and vats of oil on top of them. Then the archers shot flaming arrows, igniting oil and burning the Scotts pushing the ram. William himself took over the ram with his troops and pushed it into the gate despite repeated archer fire, and eventually pushed the gates open. Wallace sacked the city, and had the Governor of York executed. He sent his head in a basket to King Edward with the note that he had sacked York.